Are Annuities Safer than Mutual Funds?
by Stacy Brasher on May 23, 2018
The short answer is yes, in a number of ways. However, rather than just take it at face value, a closer examination of the two different types of investments will reveal how they differ in the amount of safety investors should expect from each.
For the average investor, mutual funds are an exceptional investment vehicle, as much for their potential to generate solid market returns as for the access to the markets. They provide diversification and professional management which goes a long way to mitigate the risk that would otherwise be too great for the average investor to assume. With the wide variety of mutual funds from which to choose, investors can create a complete portfolio that is balanced and diversified to their specific risk tolerance and investment preferences.
But, the reality is that mutual fund investors risk the loss of their investment value. Except for money market mutual funds, which invest in very short term debt instruments, all mutual funds invest in stock or bond portfolios which are all subject to the price fluctuations of the markets. Technically, mutual fund investors won’t lose any money unless they sell their shares after they have declined in value, but they must endure the possibility that their investment may not recover its value within the timeframe they require.
Annuities Are Built for Safety
Annuities were designed with built-in protections and guarantees that afford investors the assurance that their principle is not at risk. The amount of protections and guarantees vary in degree depending on the type of annuity. All annuities guarantee the return of principle upon the death of the annuity owner and some types are structured to protect the principle during the accumulation phase of the annuity contract.
Fixed annuities are considered the safest of all annuities. With minimum guaranteed rates of return and safety of principle as their primary objective, fixed annuities provide the greatest degree of protection for investors. In the nearly 200 year history of annuities in this country, not one annuity owner has ever lost money. Life insurance companies, considered to be the strongest and most stable of all financial institutions fully back the principle with their general account assets which are invested in high quality debt securities. Life insurers are also required to maintain very strict reserve and surplus ratios which are scrutinized by state regulators.
Variable annuities share one primary characteristic with their mutual fund cousins and that is their managed separate accounts consisting of stock and bond portfolios. As such, these accounts can lose value in declining markets, and, as with a mutual fund, if a variable annuity is surrendered during a period of declining markets; it is possible for an investor to lose money.
Although the accumulation accounts are managed separately from the general account of the life insurer, it is the assets of the general account that back the return of principle death benefit. Many variable annuities include a minimum rate guarantee that can assure investors that their money will grow even in a declining market.
Additionally, variable annuity contracts offer guaranteed benefit options (for an additional charge) that guarantee a minimum death benefit, or a “rolled up” death benefit that includes a growth element. Contract owners can also purchase options that guarantee a minimum income level or income tied to a certain growth rate. While many of these guarantees increase the cost of owning a variable annuity, they provide protections not found in mutual funds.
Fixed Indexed Annuities
Indexed annuities are unique for their ability to provide investors with a return that is tied to stock market returns, yet have guarantees and protections that are closer to those of fixed annuities. The yield that is credited to the accumulation account is based on a percent of the actual gain in the stock index to which the annuity is linked. The insurer caps the upside potential, so an investor will not participate in the full percentage gain of the index, but in return, the insurer guarantees that the account will earn a minimum rate during when the index declines.
The reset feature of fixed index annuities, in which the account values are reset each year to lock in the previous year’s gain, ensures that not only is the principle protected, but that any yearly gain is also protected and forms the new basis of the account.
Safety at What Price?
There really is no question that annuities are safer than mutual funds. With all of the inherent and optional guarantees available in annuity contracts, it is fairly difficult to lose money except in the highly unlikely instance of a life insurer failing to meet its obligations. In the rare instance when a life insurer’s reserves ever fell below its outstanding obligations, the assets of the insurer were purchased by or merged with another insurer preventing any default to its annuity owners.
All of these protections and guarantees do come at a price. Annuities have fees and expenses associated with them that mutual funds do not. The question investors, especially those who have taken a beating in the market, have to ask is, how much is peace-of-mind worth?
*This content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information. The information provided is not written or intended as tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for purposes of avoiding any Federal tax penalties. Individuals are encouraged to seek advice from their own tax or legal counsel. Individuals involved in the estate planning process should work with an estate planning team, including their own personal legal or tax counsel. Neither the information presented nor any opinion expressed constitutes a representation by us of a specific investment or the purchase or sale of any securities. Asset allocation and diversification do not ensure a profit or protect against loss in declining markets. This material was developed and produced by Advisor Websites to provide information on a topic that may be of interest. Copyright 2023 Advisor Websites.